Stephen Gross

New York University

Programs: GeoeconomicsRegions: GermanyCategory: Analysis

Stephen G. Gross is jointly appointed in the Department of History and the Center for European and Mediterranean Studies at NYU. After working for several years as an economist at the Bureau of Economic Analysis in Washington DC, he completed his PhD at UC Berkeley where he subsequently lectured with the International and Area Studies Program. In his research and teaching Dr. Gross is interested in 20th century Germany, European unification, European and international political economy, energy policy, and international relations. His first book, Export Empire, was published by Cambridge University Press in December 2015. He has also published on a variety of economic themes in German and European history in Central European History, Contemporary European History, German Politics and Society, and Eastern European Politics and Society, as well as in various book chapters.

His second book is tentatively titled Energy and Power: Germany in the Age of Oil, Atoms, and Climate Change. It explores the political economy of energy crises and transition, tracing how this oil-poor yet highly industrial state managed the transition from coal, to oil, to more renewable fuels, how it negotiated the many intense political and social tensions that came with this transition, and how it inaugurated what is now called the German Energiewende, or the transition to Green energy.

Recent Content


The Conflict over German Nuclear Power and Renewables Rages On

On New Year’s Eve 2021, Germany shut down three of its last six nuclear reactors, with the final ones slated for closure in December 2022. This marks the end of …