The Transatlantic Security Landscape in Europe

The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security

Edited by Derek S. Reveron, Nikolas K. Gvosdev, and John A. Cloud

The geopolitical and strategic landscape in Europe has transformed fundamentally under the Russian challenge to the Transatlantic Alliance. The alliance response to the annexation of Crimea and Russian hybrid warfare in Ukraine strengthened and demonstrated resolve on the part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the Baltic states and Poland with an Enhanced Forward Presence of rotational troops. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall and disintegration of the Soviet Union, NATO has accepted new members that pursued democracy, free markets, rule of law, and human rights as well as a stable European and international order. The future of Transatlantic relations will be impacted by European defense spending, the implications of U.K. withdrawal from the European Union, Russian foreign policy, and the ability of the Atlantic Alliance to move from assurance to a strong deterrence and defense posture in the East and at the same time confront the challenges from the south. The chapter addresses the major challenges to transatlantic security, focuses on the UK, France, and Germany and lays out future challenges.

This chapter by AICGS Senior Fellow and Director of the Foreign & Domestic Policy Program Dr. Gale Mattox appears in the July 2018 edition of The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security.

The views expressed are those of the author(s) alone. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies.

Gale Mattox

Senior Fellow; Director, Foreign & Domestic Policy Program

Dr. Gale A. Mattox is Director of the Foreign & Domestic Policy Program at AICGS and a Professor in the Political Science Department at the U.S. Naval Academy. She is a former elected department chair and chair of chairs, and was awarded the Distinguished Fulbright-Dow Research Chair at the Roosevelt Center, the Netherlands, for spring 2009. Dr. Mattox served on the Policy Planning Staff of the Department of State, was a Council on Foreign Relations Fellow at the State Department Office of Strategic and Theater Nuclear Policy, and an International Affairs Analyst at the Congressional Research Service.

She has been a Bosch Fellow in Germany (also Founding President of the Bosch Alumni Association), NATO Research Fellow, and a Fulbright Scholar. Dr. Mattox has held the offices of President (1996-2003) and Vice President of Women in International Security (WIIS), Center for Peace and Security Studies at Georgetown University, and served as Vice President of the International Studies Association and now co-chair of the ISA Women’s Caucus.

She has served on numerous boards, including the Tactical Advisory Council, Center for Naval Analysis, and the George Marshall Center Advisory Board in Germany, and now serves on the advisory boards of St. Mary’s College Women’s Center, the Forum for Security Studies, the Swedish National Defense University, and WIIS. Dr. Mattox published, with A. Rachwald, Enlarging NATO: The National Debates, and Evolving European Defense Policies with C. Kelleher. She is the co-editor of Germany in Transition, Germany at the Crossroads, and Germany Through American Eyes, and has published widely in scholarly journals. She holds numerous awards and has appeared on the Lehrer News Hour and other media outlets.