Energy and Security Risks: A Transatlantic Comparison

Cutting across policy areas, energy security decision-making has become a necessity in the twenty-first century. Having important consequences for climate and space policy, domestic and transatlantic debates over energy policy include inherent risks that have eluded international efforts. In Energy and Security Risks: A Transatlantic Comparison, the authors address these intertwined consequences in three policy areas. First, Paul Sullivan writes on challenges in securing energy supplies in our highly interconnected system. Then, Max M. Mutschler examines risks in space policy without international cooperation. Finally, Achim Maas analyzes the growth agenda on climate engineering.

Policy Report 55 is published within the greater framework of AICGS’ ongoing project, entitled “New Systemic Risks: Challenges and Opportunities for Transatlantic Cooperation,” in cooperation with the Stiftung Wissenshaft und Politik in Berlin.

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The views expressed are those of the author(s) alone. They do not necessarily reflect the views of the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies.

Paul Sullivan

National Defense University

Dr. Paul Sullivan has been a professor of economics at the National Defense University (NDU) since July 1999. He has been an advisor to flag officers from the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and East Asia while at NDU. He was part of the initial point team to help establish a National Defense University in the UAE. He is an Adjunct Professor of Security Studies at Georgetown University, where he has been teaching classes on global energy and security (which includes analyses of energy issues for Germany, the rest of the EU, Russia, the Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, India, China, Japan, Latin America, the U.S., Canada, and the Arctic.) for over 10 years. He taught classes on resource security issues (land, water, energy, and minerals) in Africa and the Middle East at Georgetown University for 5 years in the STIA Program. He is also an Adjunct Senior Fellow for Future Global Resource Threats at the Federation of American Scientists and a columnist for newspapers in Turkey and Mongolia. Dr. Sullivan was the Vice President, Programs, for the United Nations Association, National Capitol Area, where he was a strategic leader and adviser for the many programs and committees run by UNA-NCA during June 2010 to June 2011. He was an adviser to the Sudan project at the United States Institute of Peace for March 2009-July 2010. He was Senior Fellow at the East West Institute (EWI) during 2007. Dr. Sullivan has also been involved in the energy work at the UNCTAD with a focus on Africa. For six years before his time at NDU, Dr. Sullivan was at the American University in Cairo, Egypt, where he taught classes and did research on the economics, economic history, and political economy of the Middle East. He was also a columnist for the Middle East Times and on the editorial board of the Cairo Papers in Social Science while in Cairo. He is well traveled and well-connected in the Middle East and North Africa and has over 20 years of experience working on, working in, and living in the region. He has advised senior US officials and others on many issues related to energy, water, food, economic, political and military security issues at a very high level. He obtained his Ph.D. from Yale University with highest honors and graduated summa cum laude from Brandeis University. Dr. Sullivan is a graduate of the Seminar XXI Program at MIT.