Visitors to the Polish embassy in Berlin will notice a big poster on display showing a cowboy ready for a shoot-out. “It started in Poland,” states the poster, but don’t be confused—Polish diplomats do not claim John Wayne as a Pole…

In Policy Report 38, Dr. Kai-Olaf Lang, former DAAD/AICGS Fellow and Senior Associate at Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, examines the European and American policies vis-à-vis Russia and the post-Soviet space over the past decade. Dr. Lang focuses his analysis on the “in-between states,” such as Ukraine, Georgia, and Belarus, situated between the overlapping European, American, and Russian interests, and examines whether or not the U.S. and Europe are pursuing conflicting objectives with regard to Russia.

Five years after the EU’s 2004 enlargement, former DAAD/AICGS Fellow Dr. Kai-Olaf Lang looks at the early results of this eastern expansion and concludes that the positives outweigh the many negatives that have come out of it. Dr. Lang writes that a more consistent enlargement policy will enable the EU to export stability to its fringes, something that will benefit all of its members.

Germany’s historical background, its many linkages with Central and Eastern Europe, and its geographic proximity make it Europe’s most important actor in Eastern Policy. This prominence also makes Germany vital for a solid transatlantic framework to support both the Obama administration’s efforts to redesign relations with Russia and overall Euro-American engagement in the EU’s neighborhood. The Bundestag elections in September will bring changes mostly at the margins of German foreign policy, as key aspects are examples of cross-party consensus…

Russian President Vladimir Putin’s recent announcement that he would accept the nomination to head the United Russia ticket in the parliamentary elections in December has been only the latest in a series of surprising reports out of Russia..

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