In Policy Report 50, Prof. Dr. Andreas Pinkwart analyzes the changes underway within the innovation systems in the United States and Germany. He looks at how modern universities have changed in the twenty-first century, and cites requirements for those universities looking to better integrate in the innovation system.  He then discusses how universities can transition from being “ivory towers” to “entrepreneurial universities,” and how businesses can encourage university innovation and entrepreneurship through partnerships and campus companies.

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