Dr. Romain Faure was a Harry & Helen Gray Reconciliation Fellow at AICGS. He was preparing a book on international history textbook revision, seeking to display both the historical origins and present challenges of this particular field of cultural diplomacy. The volume is directed to a wide audience: practitioners of history teaching diplomacy, political scientists, historians, and educationalists.
History textbook revision activities were launched in the aftermath of World War I, though they first expanded after 1945, most notably with the establishment of bilateral textbook commissions between the Federal Republic of Germany and France, Poland, Israel, and the U.S. International organizations such as UNESCO and the Council of Europe also became pivotal stakeholders in the field, setting up multilateral meetings on a global or European level. Since the end of the Cold War, textbook revision underwent extensive changes. Initiatives of a new kind evolved, such as the joint Franco-German textbook project, which was published between 2008 and 2011. Most activities now take place in regional flashpoints in which no textbook revision activities had been carried out until recent years, such as Eastern Asia, the Middle East, or Southern Europe. One of the crucial issues addressed in the book is the transferability of Western revision experiences prior to 1989 to those new dialogue contexts.
Dr. Faure holds a PhD from the Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany and the Université Paris-1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France. In his dissertation titled “Networks of cultural diplomacy. The International Textbook Revision in Europe 1945-1989,” he mapped the revision activities during the Cold War, demonstrating that there had been much more numerous than previously assumed. He also focused on the various actors of textbook revision and unfolded their strong interconnectedness.
Made possible by the support of Harry & Helen Gray Culture & Politics Program