Niklas Helwig, PhD, is a Transatlantic Postdoctoral Fellow in International Relations and Security (TAPIR) currently based at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs in Berlin. In his work, he focuses on German and EU foreign and security policy, EU politics and EU-NATO relations. Previously, he was based at the Centre for Transatlantic Relations at SAIS Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC, and worked as Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs in Helsinki. Niklas was also a Visiting Researcher at the Centre for European Policy Studies in Brussels. He researched and taught at the University of Cologne and the University of Edinburgh, from where he received a double PhD (‘co-tutelle’). Niklas was a Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher in the Initial Training Network on EU external action (EXACT). He wrote extensively for think tanks, online blogs and academic journals, including European Foreign Affairs Review, The International Spectator, Huffington Post, EurActiv and War on the Rocks.