Educating the future workforce is an ongoing challenge for the United States and Europe. Lessons can be learned from other countries’ experience in developing multiple career pathways for their citizens despite national differences. This program compares the outcomes of these work-based learning systems and their role in boosting employment and economic growth.

In 2014, Lower Saxony became the last German state to completely waive tuition fees for all students at the undergraduate and graduate levels. This move comes at a time when student debt in the United States has exceeded credit card debt, totaling $1.3 trillion, and as students and their parents shell out thousands of dollars …Read More

This June, the G-7 will meet in an opulent castle near Germany’s highest mountain, the Zugspitze. It was initially built, according to the host’s website, for an “egocentric zealot” who sought to convert Jews to Christianity. Schloss Elmau has since become a spa and cultural center, but the lofty location seems somehow like an appropriate …Read More

AICGS Senior Research Associate Parke Nicholson sits down with Robert Lerman, Institute Fellow at the Urban Institute and professor of economics at American University, to discuss his recent Policy Report for AICGS on the topic of workforce education in the United States and Germany.

High youth unemployment in the United States and Europe is a result not only of sluggish growth, but also a skills mismatch—the new generation of workers lacks the skills that employers need. Economists now predict a looming shortfall of 3 million skilled U.S. workers by 2018. Meanwhile, there are 2 million job vacancies across the …Read More

In May, participants in AICGS’ working group “Learn & Earn: A Young Leaders’ Group for the Development of the U.S. Workforce” visited the Workforce Development & Lifelong Learning (WDLL) Center at the University of the District of Columbia – Community College Bertie Backus Campus. A delegation including David Lloyd, Acting Director of Student Success; Edith …Read More

Currently, many countries are experiencing a strong renewed interest in work-based training.[1] When it comes to discussions in this field, American policymakers usually identify dual apprenticeship training as the “crown jewel” of Germany’s admired skill formation system. In turn, their colleagues from Germany frequently travel to the U.S. to inform about the merits of the …Read More

What are elements of a successful apprenticeship system? To what degree should businesses be engaged in educating their workforce, and what other actors should participate in decision-making and evaluation? How can apprenticeship fit within the existing education system? The AICGS project “Employment, Education, and Training: Apprenticeship Models in Europe and the United States” looks to …Read More

At the April meeting of AICGS’ working group “Learn & Earn: A Young Leaders’ Group for the Development of the U.S. Workforce,” participants gathered to discuss current workforce trends in the transportation industry. Xinge Wang, Deputy Director at the Transportation Learning Center, and her colleague Jack Clark, Executive Director, presented their findings on job demand …Read More

As apprenticeship training in Germany is expanding away from the traditional upper-secondary level and moving toward the post-secondary level, where its core location is in the U.S., it can be argued that the American and German systems are becoming more similar while retaining distinct comparative advantages. During the seminar “New Pathways for Advanced Work-Based Education,” …Read More

AICGS’ conference on March 13, 2015 on “Transatlantic Approaches to Employment, Education, and Training” brought together a group of experts from Germany, the UK, France, and across the U.S. The day was divided into three panels and a keynote, and included moderated discussions with the audience. The conference concluded a year-long project that examined apprenticeship …Read More

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