In the wake of the global financial crisis, the United States and the European Union have acted not only to recover from the crisis, but also to implement regulatory reforms to prevent another crisis of this magnitude in the future. The path to reform, however, has not been smooth. Political debates over fundamental issues have slowed progress toward making meaningful reform in regulating the financial sector.

While environmental concerns have recently taken a backseat to the economic and financial crisis, scientific projections on climate change continue to call for action. Yet, international cooperation has been hampered and a rift between developed and developing nations is increasingly evident. Companies from developed countries are interested in recouping their investments in clean energy technology through property rights; developing nations contend, however, that such technology must be made available to all nations. This Policy Report, featuring essays from Robert Percival and Miranda Schreurs, examines American and German views on this contentious issue, focusing on what roles technology transfer and intellectual property rights play in the climate policy debate.

In Policy Report 42, Annette Zimmer and Steven Rathgeb Smith look at social service and health care provision in the United States and Germany, examining the historical development of the different styles of welfare state, the role of public and private expenditures and providers, and current trends in the two countries. The authors offer answers to questions such as how is social service and health care provision affected by the new approach of designing social policy? They also address whether path-dependency in the two countries is still in place; or if German and American nonprofit social and health care providers, confronted with similar problems, tend to adopt similar strategies in order to keep or even enlarge their share of a growing market of social service provision.

New administrations took office in 2009 in both Germany and the United States, bringing with them renewed focus on counterterrorism measures. Still, despite ever-increasing cooperation among allies, the German and American publics react differently to threats of terrorism, as shown by the recent failed attack in Detroit. In Policy Report 41, former DAAD/AICGS Fellow Frank Gadinger looks at German counterterrorism policies, explaining not only how the German government perceives counterterrorism, but also how and why the German public reacts to counterinsurgency (COIN) and data retention policies as it does. Discussing the American approach to counterterrorism, former DAAD/AICGS Fellow Dorle Hellmuth looks at the response to terrorism following 9/11, the strategic culture in the U.S., and the remaining challenges for President Obama in light of his commitment to closing Guantanamo and sending additional troops to Afghanistan.

In Policy Report 39, “Different Beds, Same Nightmare: The Politics of History in Germany and Japan,” Professor Thomas Berger examines the characteristics of Germany and Japan that have shaped how the two countries respond to their histories from the Second World War. Citing differences in their histories, reckonings, and international political contexts, Professor Berger shows how despite these differences, Germany’s successes can provide a roadmap for reconciliation in northeast Asia.

In AICGS Policy Report 37, “The Short-Term Potential of Climate-Friendly Technologies,” Felix Chr. Matthes and Lewis J. Perelman examine the technological solutions that can make a substantial impact on climate protection and energy security today or in the near future. The authors look specifically at the crucial roles of energy efficiency and intelligent energy in both Germany and the United States.

Authors Bruce A. McCarl and Tobias Plieninger focus on the role biofuels can play in addressing climate change and improving energy security in AICGS Policy Report 36, “Bioenergy in the United States and Germany,” exploring opportunities for German-American cooperation in this extremely important sector.

In AICGS Policy Report 35, “Climate Change and Energy Security: Lessons Learned,” Joseph E. Aldy, Camilla Bausch, and Michael Mehling draw on the experiences in Germany and the U.S. with regard to their climate and energy policies and include an examination of the key actors in politics and the economy on both sides of the Atlantic.

Climate change is one of the most important challenges that the world faces today. In addition to the war in Iraq, climate policy was also one of the primary causes of the transatlantic rift. President George W. Bush’s refusal to sign the Kyoto Protocol in 2002 was met with complete European incomprehension; in turn, international cooperation on policies combating climate change lacked key U.S. support in the following years. But a new U.S. administration in 2009 could offer a new signal for U.S.-European cooperation on policies combating global warming. Germany, at the forefront of developing alternative energy sources and energy efficient technology, leads European efforts to decrease green house gases—making German-American cooperation on climate policies essential…

Global governance and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are becoming increasingly more important as the world grows more connected, less state-based, and more multinational. Issues that once fell under the purview of state sovereignty, including peace and security concerns, are now also influenced by NGOs…

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