In the first half of the twentieth century, countries and nations were victims of an aggressive and brutal Germany. Since then, German leaders have sought to return to the circle of respected countries through diplomatic, societal, and government actions that offer apology as they remember and commemorate the tragedies inflicted.

German Commemorative Acts

World War I, World War II, and the Holocaust

Remembering Germany’s Former Victims

Sites of Remembrance and Commemoration

Victims of the Holocaust

Concentration Camps

Victims of Naziism